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I will give a horn masterclass on February 14th, 15th & 16, 2015 (3 days before carnival) at the Conservatório de Música de Paredes (Paredes/Portugal). Applications accepted up to January, 30th 

More information can be found at this Flyer (in portuguese)

Horn keys can be customisable in several ways, one of the most common ones is the use of coins. You might use coins on your horn for several reasons like: the adjustment of the individual distance of each finger according to your own hand or mainly an aesthetically reason, but in cases like mine it helps me to keep my fingers firmly on the keys, avoiding them to slip and change place. For this kind of use you should choose small coins, silver coins if possible as they offer better protection against corrosion. There's only a problem unfortunately, most of the silver coins is too big or too expensive, as this metal is commonly used for commemorative coins.


The very basis of tonal music consists of Major, minor scales and arpeggios. According to the music instrument different learning sequences can be used. However they all tend to culminate in all major and minor scales. At that point a rotating Scale Review Scheme can be a great help in the learning process.

On one hand working each scale in detail has its benefits since it allows you to meticulously work each aspect, but it gives you only a narrow point of view from one single scale. You just lose sight of the big picture! On the other hand working in review mode gives us a wider but not so detailed view. So how do we come out of this situation?

I strongly believe that both approaches are needed and that they actually complemented each other. That’s the reason why I developed the following rotation scale review scheme in 12 days.

In the left column appear the major and minor scales, following a circle of 5ths to be played in detail: major and relative minor scale, different articulations, arpeggios with and without inversions, chromatic scale etc.

In the right column one specific aspect is selected to be worked out in every scale.

My advice is to start slowly and to increase, every 12 days, the difficulty level by conditioning tempo, articulations, rhythm and the number of octaves.

The Major and minor scales are just the beginning as there are many other scales, arpeggios and modes. So I recommend this scheme to be adapted in order to meet each student’s specific needs.

Click here to download the Scheme as PDF


Well, what is the origin of the horn standard fingerings after all?


Watch this video to find it out and to understand how a horn actually works.