The embouchure and body endurance of a horn player are  directly proportional to the quantity of energy available and tthe way of playing. It a process that can be compared to a car… 

How to drive longer distances faster and increase your fuel economy at the same time?  

Articulations on the horn might be confusing because sometimes the rhythm given by the articulations differs from the rhythm given by the notes. There are some scores with simple pattern slurs, but sometimes also alternating longer and shorter phrases...

Singing is the easiest way to understand articulations and, depending on the situation. I usually do three different exercises for practicing articulations on the horn.

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We play with a relatively small mouthpiece on the horn, on a considerable wide range! Usually horn players push the jaw forward for the low range. There is one exercise I like to do for practicing the jaw movement by alternating 2 overtone series.

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One of the most frequent questions asked by horn beginners is:

"What's the reason for all those tubes, and how can you play all the notes only using 3 keys?"

In this video I will explain the 7 fingerings first using the tube lengths, then the name of each horn.

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Range shifts on the horn, is something that worries most of the horn players. This happens because, somehow, we need to make some changes on the embouchure. Fortunately some horn player don't require so may changes, but most of us, mere mortals, can't avoid those shifts. This is an interval exercise for helping controlling these shifts and give the student the ability to easily identify different intervals.

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